Children from children’s homes need the society’s attention

2nd June at the Public Chamber were held hearings “Orphanages in Russia: ways of solving problems and the system of work in adaptation of children”. The participants discussed the main problems in children's homes, and how to solve them, coordinating the state efforts, efforts of administration agencies, public organizations and activists.

"One of the main problems in Russia is a demographic one. Accordingly, we must accept graduates of orphanages as a valuable reserve, which requires protection, "- said, opening the hearing, the Public Chamber member Maxim Viktorov. He said he did not consider the situation catastrophic, but "with the challenges we need concrete solutions and methods for further distribution throughout the country."
"The problems accumulating for decades, cannot be solved in one fell swoop" - says adviser to the President Arkady Dvorkovich. He stressed that although the state recognizes its responsibility for the content of children's homes, the President’s order on the establishment of trustees boards at each orphanage must be fulfilled: "The councils should consist of people who can really help, and not just come once a year and listen to the accumulated problems ", - said Arkady Dvorkovich.
"These people can be the representatives of nonprofit organizations and businesses who can provide training opportunities and post-employment to graduates ", - said Chairman of the Student parliamentary club at the State Duma, Galina Ratnikova. She noted that often children's homes do not have enough medicines - health departments satisfy on average about 30% of prescriptions.
Recently, a prerequisite for the transport of children on buses is the availability of seat belts. "For children's institutions with their own buses, their conversion is too expensive. Rent of such vehicles is also hard "- said Galina Ratnikova. Thus, the children are in the transport isolation (children's homes are often located far from cities), which is reinforced by the fact that many children's homes do not have access to the Internet.
Most often, graduates of children's homes fall into the criminal environment, when moving into a hostel at the post-secondary educational institutions, where they go to study. If a graduate has his own apartment, over the decades of his stay in the orphanage huge debts for utility services are accumulated, housing itself become worthless. It is not uncommon that the orphans have to return to antisocial, alcohol-abusing parents.
In that case, if the inmate does not have his own housing, the state is obliged to provide it. Money is usually not enough, but the Deputy Chairman of the State Duma Svetlana Zhurova, who was present at the hearings, said that the Parliament has already approved an increase in 5-fold to 6 billion rubles allocated in the budget for housing for former orphans. In addition, she agreed that the debts of rent must be compensated by the state. "In any case, it is cheaper than buying a new house" - she pointed out. It is known that the former children of the orphanage are often caught in the trap by unscrupulous dealers who wish to acquire living space provided by state. "We must create legal counseling to the graduates of orphanages," - said Svetlana Zhurova and encouraged to use the German experience of adapting to the real world orphans, providing them with a kind of "test of independence."

Another problem with housing - what the state buys for the children from children’s homes if it's marked money. Often the apartments are in terrible condition, adviser to the head of administration of the Tambov region Galina Serova told how for the young girl authorities have purchased an apartment without doors and windows.

In addition, the participants of the hearings agreed about the need to promote the work of children's homes and create a body that tracks volunteer organizations and groups wanting to work with orphanages, for reliability. The website of the Public Chamber is supposed to create a section dedicated to the needs of specific agencies for assistance. Maxim Viktorov also proposed to reduce the procedural time limits of cases concerning the rights of orphans, including for housing. "If we can make it to Olympic venues, then I think we can do for our children" - he stressed.

Suggestions made during the hearings will be summarized in the recommendations, which are then sent to the President of Russian Federation and the state authorities.

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